The Lampe Berger was originally designed in 1898 for hospital use by Maurice Berger, his background as a pharmacy dispenser helped him to address a need for more hygienic environments and reduced airborne contaminants. His ingenuity resulted in the original low-temperature burner, and this design has changed little in the Lampe Berger lamps you see today. Unlike oil lamps, Lampe Berger lamps' flame is extinguished once they reach their operating temperature, therefore they are safer than oil lamps. As always take care with naked flames. Style of Life - supplying the best to suit your Lifestyle.